Who was Jean Marc Itard and what did he do?
Jean Itard. Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (24 April 1774, Oraison, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence – 5 July 1838, Paris) was a French physician born in Provence. Without a university education and working at a bank, he was forced to enter the army during the French Revolution but presented himself as a physician at that time.
What did Jean Marc Gaspard Itard do for a living?
He is known as an educator of the deaf, and tried his educational theories in the celebrated case of Victor of Aveyron, dramatized in the 1970 motion picture The Wild Child directed by François Truffaut, who also played Itard.
Why did Itard want to civilize Victor of Aveyron?
Itard believed two things separated humans from animals: empathy and language. He wanted to civilize Victor with the objectives of teaching him to speak and to communicate human emotion. Victor showed significant early progress in understanding language and reading simple words, but failed to progress beyond a rudimentary level.
What did Jean Marc Itard do for the Deaf?
Itard was known to conduct experiments on the deaf students of the Institution Nationale des Sourds-Muets à Paris in useless attempts to restore their hearing, including delivering electrical shocks, leech therapy, ear surgeries, and various types of internal and external medicinal applications.
How did Jean Marc Gaspard Itard influence Rousseau?
Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard (1774-1838) was a student of Pinel. He supported Rousseau’s “noble savage” belief and the philosopher Condillac’s “sensationalism” view (a view that all knowledge comes through the senses). Itard was also profoundly influenced by Periere’s work with educating deaf-mutes.
What did Itard do in the Savage of Aveyron?
In Rapports sur le sauvage de l’Aveyron (1807; Reports on the Savage of Aveyron ), he explained the methods that he used (1801–05) in trying to train and educate an unsocialized 11-year-old boy who had been found in a forest in Aveyron, south of Paris.
Who was Jean Marc Gaspard Itard a student of?
In Paris, Itard was a student of distinguished physician René Laennec, inventor of the stethoscope (in 1816). Laennec was a few years younger but had a formal education at the university at Nantes and later became a lecturer and professor of medicine at the Collège de France.
How did Maria Montessori influence Jean Marc Itard?
Influenced the work of his pupil, Dr. Eduard Séguin, who in turn influenced his pupil, Maria Montessori Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard was educated to be a tradesman, but during the French Revolution he joined the army and became an assistant surgeon at a military hospital in Toulon.