What does the Torah say about war?
Judaism does not regard violence and war to promote justice as always wrong. It accepts that certain kinds of war will be ethically justified, and that it is sometimes morally acceptable to kill people. Before declaring war or starting a battle there must be a genuine attempt to make peace and avoid the conflict.
What does the Talmud say about war?
The Jewish ethics of war focuses on two issues: its legitimation and its conduct. The Talmud classifies wars according to their source of legitimation. Biblically mandated wars are termed mandatory. Wars undertaken at the discretion of the Sanhedrin are termed discretionary.
What are the two types of laws in the Torah?
Two types of law are noted in the Hebrew law codes: (1) casuistic, or case, law, which contains a conditional statement and a type of punishment to be meted out; and (2) apodictic law, i.e., regulations in the form of divine commands (e.g., the Ten Commandments).
What does the Hebrew word Herem mean?
The noun herem (often translated “ban”) and the verb onnn (usually. translated “ban” or “proscribe”), are used in two senses in the Hebrew. Bible. A herem is a type of dedicatory vow, similar to the dedicatory neder. in all respects except that it is irrevocable and unredeemable (Leviticus.
What did the Amalekites do?
In the Book of Exodus, the Amalekites attacked the Children of Israel on their journey to the land of Israel. For this sin, God damned the Amalekites, commanding the Jews to wage a holy war to exterminate them. This is perhaps the most widely ignored command in the Bible.
Who Was Shylock in The Merchant of Venice?
Shylock is a Jewish moneylender in Venice. He is unpopular with other characters who accuse him of practising usury. This means lending money with outrageously high rates of interest . The merchants, such as Antonio, curse and spit at Shylock because they believe this way of making money is immoral.
How does Judaism promote peace?
Judaism’s religious texts overwhelmingly endorse compassion and peace, and the Hebrew Bible contains the well-known commandment to “love thy neighbor as thyself”. In fact, the love of peace and the pursuit of peace is one of the key principles in Jewish law.
How many laws did God give Moses?
Significance of 613 The Talmud notes that the Hebrew numerical value (gematria) of the word Torah is 611, and combining Moses’s 611 commandments with the first two of the Ten Commandments which were the only ones heard directly from God, adds up to 613.
How many tribes of Israel were there?
Twelve Tribes of Israel
Twelve Tribes of Israel, in the Bible, the Hebrew people who, after the death of Moses, took possession of the Promised Land of Canaan under the leadership of Joshua.