What is Indian plate and Burma plate?
The Burma Plate is a minor tectonic plate or microplate located in Southeast Asia, sometimes considered a part of the larger Eurasian Plate. To the west is the much larger India Plate, which is subducting beneath the western facet of the Burma Plate. This extensive subduction zone has formed the Sunda Trench.
What plate collides with the Indian plate?
The collision with the Eurasian Plate along the boundary between India and Nepal formed the orogenic belt that created the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalaya Mountains, as sediment bunched up like earth before a plow.
What type of earthquakes are common in Indo Burma range?
ABSTRACT. Earthquakes in the Indo-Burmese wedge occur due to India-Sunda plate motion. These earthquakes generally occur at depth between 25 and 150 km and define an eastward gently dipping seismicity trend surface that coincides with the Indian slab.
Is the Burma plate oceanic or continental?
Mostly made of oceanic crust, the Burma microplate consists of the Andaman and Nicobar island chains, northern Sumatra, and the Andaman Ocean Basin. Surrounded by the Indian, Sunda, Australian and Eurasian plates, the Burma microplate is in a highly tectonically active region of the world.
What causes the Indian plates to move?
The rifting is thought to be caused by the rising of a mantle plume which caused the Indian plate to drift northwards and resulted in the opening of the Indian Ocean. As the Indian plate is moving northward relative to the Eurasian plate and collides with it, a convergent boundary is created.
Is Indian plate Oceanic?
The Indian plate is both an oceanic and continental plate.
Why is the Indian plate still moving?
The Indian plate moved northwards as continents drifts so it collided with Eurasian plate which was already present in the north. From the day of collision the movement of the Indian plate hasn’t stopped, slowly and gradually momentum continues. The rate of Indian plate movement is 45 millimetres a year nowadays.
Is Tibet part of Indian plate?
As the Indian plate collides with Asia it forms Tibet, the highest and largest mountain plateau on the planet. This process started very recently in geological history, about 57 million years ago.
What tectonic plate is Myanmar on?
Myanmar lies on the boundary of three tectonic plates (India, Burma-micro and Sunda Plate), thus its geological evolution is highly dependent on the plate tectonic events in this region.
Is the New Hebrides plate oceanic or continental?
The New Hebrides Plate, sometimes called the Neo-Hebridean Plate, is a minor tectonic plate located in the Pacific Ocean near the island nation of Vanuatu. The plate is bounded on the southwest by the Indo-Australian Plate which is subducting below it.
How big was the earthquake in the Indian Ocean?
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was unusually large in geographical and geological extent. An estimated 1,600 kilometers (1,000 mi) of fault surface slipped (or ruptured) about 15 meters (50 ft) along the subduction zone where the Indian Plate slides (or subducts) under the overriding Burma Plate.
Where did the m = 9.1 Sumatra Andaman earthquake occur?
The December 26, 2004 M=9.1 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake occurred along a tectonic subduction zone in which the India Plate, an oceanic plate, is being subducted beneath the Burma micro-plate, part of the larger Sunda plate. The interface between the two plates results in a large fault, termed an interplate thrust or megathrust.
Is the Indian Plate part of the Great Eurasian Plate?
The Indian Plate is part of the great Indo-Australian Plate, which underlies the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal, and is moving north-east at an average of 60 mm/a (0.075 in/Ms). The India Plate meets the Burma Plate (which is considered a portion of the great Eurasian Plate) at the Sunda Trench.
Where was the epicenter of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami?
A powerful undersea earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, set off the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, also known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, on Sunday morning, Dec. 26, 2004. The magnitude 9.1 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch of fault line where the Indian and Australian tectonic plates meet.