How can we prevent Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever?
Prevention and control of CCHF infection is achieved by avoiding or minimising exposure to infected ticks by using tick repellents. Wearing protective clothing and early and correct removal of ticks are recommended.
Is Congo virus fatal?
Key facts. The Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus causes severe viral haemorrhagic fever outbreaks. CCHF outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 40%. The virus is primarily transmitted to people from ticks and livestock animals.
Is there a vaccine for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever?
There is currently no specific prophylaxis or vaccine against Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe febrile illness transmitted by Hyalomma ticks in endemic areas, handling of infected livestock or care of infected patients.
What virus causes Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever?
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae.
What causes Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever?
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever.
What are the symptoms of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever?
The onset of CCHF is sudden, with initial signs and symptoms including headache, high fever, back pain, joint pain, stomach pain, and vomiting. Red eyes, a flushed face, a red throat, and petechiae (red spots) on the palate are common.
How do people survive hemorrhagic fever?
How are viral hemorrhagic fevers treated? Generally there is no known cure or treatment for these diseases. People with these illnesses may get supportive treatment. This may include getting fluids or assistance with breathing and pain relievers.
What is the treatment for Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever?
Treatment. Treatment for CCHF is primarily supportive. Care should include careful attention to fluid balance and correction of electrolyte abnormalities, oxygenation and hemodynamic support, and appropriate treatment of secondary infections. The virus is sensitive in vitro to the antiviral drug ribavirin.
What kind of tick causes Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever?
Ticks of the genus Hyalomma are the principal vector of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (Female is on top and male is below) Robert Swanepoel/NICD South Africa
What should I do if I have haemorrhagic fever?
However, if samples have been inactivated (e.g. with virucides, gamma rays, formaldehyde, heat, etc.), they can be manipulated in a basic biosafety environment. General supportive care with treatment of symptoms is the main approach to managing CCHF in people.
What kind of treatment is needed for CCHF?
Treatment for CCHF is primarily supportive. Care should include careful attention to fluid balance and correction of electrolyte abnormalities, oxygenation and hemodynamic support, and appropriate treatment of secondary infections.