What is subject knowledge in teaching?
Subject knowledge is the actual knowledge teachers are expected to teach, for example you may need to have a thorough understanding of a Shakespeare play in order to be able to teach it. ‘Subject pedagogy’ is understanding how the topic can be taught.
What are the expertise of a teacher?
Teaching expertise means having a repertoire of ways at one’s disposal for handling the task of teaching, and then knowing how to choose and apply what is appropriate from one’s repertoire. Management expertise means arranging the environment to maximize attention and engagement with the learning experiences.
What are the forms of subject knowledge in teaching?
In drawing attention to the need for more attention to the role of content knowledge in teaching, Shulman (1986) distinguished three kinds of content knowledge: Subject matter content knowledge, Pedagogical content knowledge, and Curricular knowledge.
Why do teachers need subject knowledge?
What we teach (the subject content) is as important as how we teach (pedagogy). Although this is neither subject knowledge nor pedagogical knowledge it does support teachers to make better choices about what they teach, when, and in what order, and what strategies and techniques they use to do so.
How do you teach knowledge application?
To make sure that students show they can apply what they learn, consider the following suggestions:
- Be explicit about application.
- Focus on core concepts.
- Identify sub skills.
- Provide students with practice.
- Make it social and collaborative.
- Involve students in the process.
What are the 7 categories of teacher knowledge?
Shulman (1987) described seven types of teacher knowledge: content knowledge, general pedagogical knowledge, curriculum knowledge, pedagogical content knowl- edge, knowledge of learners, knowledge of educational contexts, and knowledge of educational aims, purposes, and values.
How important is subject matter knowledge for a teacher?
According to Hattie, teacher subject-matter knowledge had an effect size of 0.19, meaning that it was far less effective than other factors like classroom management (0.52) or effective teacher feedback (0.75).
What can subject associations do for a teacher?
This is where subject associations can play a pivotal role. Most have regular publications, with articles not only on teaching the subject but on improving the teacher’s knowledge of the subject as well.
What is the pedagogical knowledge base of teachers?
The pedagogical ‘knowledge base’ of teachers includes all the required cognitive knowledge for creating effective teaching and learning environments. Research suggests that this knowledge can be studied. Identifying the content of this knowledge base, however, is a complex issue.
Are there any issues with maintaining subject knowledge?
A second issue is that the content can feel very far removed from the subject at school level. The information needs to be recontextualised from an academic setting to a school one (Firth, 2018).