What is the meaning of volcano in science?
A volcano is an opening in the earth’s crust through which lava, volcanic ash, and gases escape. Beneath a volcano, liquid magma containing dissolved gases rises through cracks in the Earth’s crust.
What is the scientific name for volcano?
The word volcanologist (or vulcanologist) is derived from the English volcanology (volcano + -logy), which was derived from the French volcanologie (or vulcanologie), which was further derived from the French word volcan (volcano), which was even further derived from Vulcanus, the Latin name of the Roman god of fire …
What is a volcano science for kids?
A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust where hot liquid rock from deep within the Earth, called magma, erupts to the surface. When rock beneath the Earth’s surface gets really hot, it becomes molten or liquid. While it’s still below the surface, it’s called magma.
What are two definitions for volcano?
1 : a vent in the crust of the earth or another planet or a moon from which usually molten or hot rock and steam issue also : a hill or mountain composed wholly or in part of the ejected material. 2 : something of explosively violent potential.
What is the root word of volcano?
Etymology. The word volcano is derived from the name of Vulcano, a volcanic island in the Aeolian Islands of Italy whose name in turn comes from Vulcan, the god of fire in Roman mythology. The study of volcanoes is called volcanology, sometimes spelled vulcanology.
Who invented volcano?
Volcano boarding was the brainchild of Darryn Webb, an Australian who climbed the 2,400-foot high Cerro Negro in 2006 but was looking for a faster way to come down.
What lava means?
Lava, magma (molten rock) emerging as a liquid onto Earth’s surface. The term lava is also used for the solidified rock formed by the cooling of a molten lava flow.
What is volcano answer in one word?
The Short Answer: A volcano is an opening on the surface of a planet or moon that allows material warmer than its surroundings to escape from its interior. When this material escapes, it causes an eruption. Volcanoes can be active, dormant, or extinct.
What is the other name of volcano?
Find another word for volcano. In this page you can discover 18 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for volcano, like: volcanic, erruption, hot spot island arc tectonic boundary volcanic arc, hekla, mayon, crater, fumarole, irazu, stromboli, manam and popocatépetl.
What is the Aztec word for volcano?
Popocatépetl (also called El popo or Don Goyo) is an active volcano.
What do scientists use to measure a volcano?
Scientists use tiltmeters to measure extremely subtle changes in a volcano’s slope. An increasingly steep side, for instance, can indicate a buildup of gas and molten rock inside the mountain,…
What is scientific reason of volcano?
Most volcanic eruptions are caused by tectonic plates moving towards each other, which usually produces violent eruptions. Other volcanoes, such as Mauna Loa in Hawaii are caused by hot spots in the Earth’s crust.
Does volcano have a scientific name?
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. Earth’s volcanoes occur because its crust is broken into 17 major, rigid tectonic plates that float on a hotter, softer layer in its mantle.
What is the science behind volcanoes?
The Science Behind Volcanoes. A volcano is an opening, or rupture, in a planet’s surface or crust, which allows hot magma, volcanic ash and gases to escape from the magma chamber below the surface. Volcanoes are generally found where tectonic plates are diverging or converging.