What are French verb tenses?

What are French verb tenses?

The eight simple forms can also be categorized into four tenses (future, present, past, and future-of-the-past), or into two aspects (perfective and imperfective). The three non-finite moods are the infinitive, past participle, and present participle. There are compound constructions that use more than one verb.

How do you form tenses in French?

The perfect tense is formed with the present tense of avoir or être and a past participle. Most verbs take avoir in the perfect tense. All reflexive verbs and a small group of verbs referring to movement or change take être. The past participle ends in -é for -er verbs, in -i for -ir verbs, and in -u for -re verbs.

What are the 20 tenses in French?

French Indicative Verb Tenses

  • Présent (present)
  • Imparfait (imperfect)
  • Passé simple (simple past)
  • Passé composé (past perfect)
  • Futur simple (future simple)
  • Plus-que-parfait (pluperfect)
  • Passé antérieur (past anterior)
  • Futur antérieur (future anterior)

What are the 5 tenses in French?

Five past forms, which are imparfait (imperfect), passé composé (compound past), passé simple (simple past), plus-que-parfait (pluperfect) and passé antérieur (anterior past). Two future forms, which are futur (future) and futur antérieur (future anterior).

How many French tenses do I need to know?

There are over 20 French tenses French tenses include the present, past, and future tenses. They indicate when an action occurs. However, French grammar also uses moods, les modes, to indicate how the speaker feels about the action.

Why are verb tenses different in French and English?

French and English have a number of important differences in verb tenses and moods, which can make translating the various conjugations from one language to the other a bit tricky, as explained in the intro to this lesson: French verb conjugation translations.

How to translate simple French verbs into English?

Please be sure to keep all of that in mind as you look at the verb donner (to give) conjugated into every simple French verb form. I can’t list every possible translation, but this should give you a pretty good idea of how French and English verb conjugations fit together.

What does the present tense mean in French?

Le présent de l’indicatif. The French present tense, also known as the present indicative, is fairly similar to the English simple present, but there are some key differences. The French present tense can talk about any of the following: 1. A current action or state of being.

How to translate simple French tenses and moods?

For a more in-depth look, click the heading above any table for the detailed French lesson. Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

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