What did the foreshore and seabed act do?
Legislation. On 18 November 2004, the Labour/Progressive government passed the Foreshore and Seabed Act, which declared that the land in question was owned by the Crown. Māori can, however, apply for “guardianship” of certain areas. The Act was highly contentious.
When was the Foreshore and Seabed Act repealed?
In 2008 National formed a minority government with the support of the Māori Party. Two years later, the Foreshore and Seabed Act was repealed. It was replaced by the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (MACA). This caused less of an uproar than its predecessor, but was far from universally popular.
Who owns the Foreshore in New Zealand?
the Crown is the owner of the foreshore and seabed (except for the privately owned parts) the public has the right of access over the foreshore for recreation and over the foreshore and seabed for navigating boats. customary activities that people have been doing since 1840 were protected.
Is the seabed land?
The 2012 Act specifically provides that land includes the seabed of the territorial sea (which extends to twelve nautical miles), and other land covered by water.
What was the Maori Affairs Amendment Act 1967?
The Maori Affairs Amendment Act 1967 introduced compulsory conversion of Māori freehold land with four or fewer owners into general land. It increased the powers of the Maori Trustee to compulsorily acquire and sell so-called uneconomic interests in Māori land.
Can you own a beach in NZ?
New Zealand coastal property ownership is a patchwork of old and new laws, meaning a beach walk can take you across land controlled by the Crown, local councils and private owners without your knowing. They are believed to be mostly in Maori ownership, but some Pakeha have such titles after buying them from Maori.
Does the Crown own the foreshore?
The foreshore is the area between the high and low water mark on the seashore. 2) Who owns the foreshore? It is true that the majority of the foreshore in England and Wales is owned by the Crown Estate, however some of the foreshore is now also owned by private landlords.
What was the foreshore and Seabed Act 2004?
The Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004 is a former Act of the Parliament of New Zealand. It overruled the 2003 decision of the Court of Appeal in Ngati Apa v Attorney-General.
What’s the difference between the foreshore and the seabed?
The seabed is the land that extends from the low-water mark,and out to sea. The need to distinguish the foreshore from the adjacent dry land and seabed arises from the English common law, which developed distinct rules for that zone. In Maori customary terms,no such distinction exists. xi
When did the New Zealand foreshore and seabed controversy start?
In November 2005, following government criticism of the report issued by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (UNCERD), Special Rapporteur Professor Stavenhagen, a Mexican researcher who reports to UNCERD, arrived in New Zealand at the invitation of the Government.
What are Maori claims to the foreshore and seabed?
It concerns the ownership of the country’s foreshore and seabed, with many Māori groups claiming that Māori have a rightful claim to title. These claims are based around historical possession and the Treaty of Waitangi.