What does the term extravasation refer to?

What does the term extravasation refer to?

Listen to pronunciation. (ek-STRA-vuh-SAY-shun) The leakage of blood, lymph, or other fluid, such as an anticancer drug, from a blood vessel or tube into the tissue around it.

What is in an extravasation kit?

Most extravasation kits contain disposable syringes and cannulas, cold-hot packs, gauze pads, adhesive plaster, sterile and protective gloves, and medications to treat extravasation (e.g., hyaluronidase, dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO] 99%, dexrazoxane).

What is another name for extravasation?

What is another word for extravasation?

secretion excretion
leak drip
trickle percolation
seeping trickling
dribble bleeding

What is extravasation in nursing?

Definition of terms Extravasation: the unintentional leakage of vesicant fluids or medications from the vein into the surrounding tissue. Vesicant: agents capable of causing blistering, tissue sloughing or necrosis.

What are signs of extravasation?

What are signs of an infiltration/extravasation?

  • Redness around the site.
  • Swelling, puffy or hard skin around the site.
  • Blanching (lighter skin around the IV site)
  • Pain or tenderness around the site.
  • IV not working.
  • Cool skin temperature around the IV site or of the scalp, hand, arm, leg or foot near the site.

What is extravasation caused by?

An extravasation occurs when there is accidental infiltration of a vesicant or chemotherapeutic drug into the surrounding IV site. Vesicants can cause tissue destruction and / or blistering. Irritants can result in pain at the IV site and along the vein and may or may not cause inflammation.

What’s the difference between infiltration and extravasation?

The difference between an infiltration and extravasation is the type of medicine or fluid that is leaked. Infiltration – if the fluid is a non-vesicant (does not irritate tissue), it is called an infiltration. Extravasation – if the fluid is a vesicant (a fluid that irritates tissue), it is called an extravasation.

What is extravasation IV?

Extravasation refers to the leakage of injected drugs from blood vessels causing damage to the surrounding tissues. Common symptoms and signs of extravasation include pain, stinging or burning sensations, and edema around the intravenous (IV) injection site.

What does extravasation feel like?

Signs and symptoms of extravasation may include the patient’s report of pain or burning sensation at the site, possible blanching, redness and edema at the insertion site and surrounding tissue. There may also be cooler temperature at the site and absent backflow of blood.

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