What happened to Kamenev and Zinoviev?
Like other defendants, Kamenev was found guilty and executed by firing squad on 25 August 1936. In 1988, during perestroika, Kamenev, Zinoviev and his co-defendants were formally cleared of all charges by the Soviet government.
Who was Trotsky and what did he do?
From March 1918 to January 1925, Trotsky headed the Red Army as People’s Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs and played a vital role in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War of 1917–1922. He became one of the seven members of the first Bolshevik Politburo in 1919.
What did Zinoviev letter say?
It said the resumption of diplomatic relations (by a Labour government) would hasten the radicalisation of the British working class.
When did Lev Kamenev become leader of the Soviet Union?
In 1919, he was elected as a full member of the first Politburo. During Lenin’s final illness in 1923–24, Kamenev was the acting leader of the Soviet Union, forming a triumvirate with Grigory Zinoviev and Joseph Stalin which led to Leon Trotsky ‘s downfall.
What was Zinoviev’s role in the Russian Civil War?
Zinoviev was responsible for Petrograd’s defense during two periods of intense clashes with White forces in 1919. Trotsky, who was in overall charge of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War, thought little of Zinoviev’s leadership, which aggravated their strained relationship.
Why was Lev Kamenev sentenced to exile in Siberia?
Kamenev was arrested in November and tried, where he distanced himself from Lenin’s anti-war stance. In early 1915, Kamenev was sentenced to exile in Siberia; he survived two years there until being freed by the successful February Revolution of 1917.
Where does the last name Zinoviev come from?
In this Eastern Slavic naming convention, the patronymic is Yevseevich and the family name is Zinoviev. Grigory Yevseyevich Zinoviev (born Hirsch Apfelbaum, 23 September [ O.S. 11 September] 1883 – 25 August 1936), known also under the name Ovsei-Gershon Aronovich Radomyslsky, was a Russian revolutionary and Soviet politician.