What is the difference between mood-congruent and mood-dependent memory?

What is the difference between mood-congruent and mood-dependent memory?

Mood congruence is when one can match an emotion to a specific memory. Mood dependence, on the other hand, is the sorting of memory when mood at retrieval is the same as encoding. This relates to mood-dependent memory because it may suggest that ones’ mood at encoding could become associated with neutral information.

What is an example of mood-congruent memory?

Mood Congruent Memory occurs when your current mood usually cues memories that mirror that mood. For example, if you’re very sad, you tend to start thinking about depressing things that have happened in your life, or if you’re happy, you start to recall other happy things.

How does mood-congruent affect memory?

The mood-congruent memory effect states that happy people will better remember happy than sad materials, whereas sad people will better remember sad than happy materials (or remember such material equally).

What is mood-congruent affect?

Mood congruence is the consistency between a person’s emotional state with the broader situations and circumstances being experienced by the persons at that time. By contrast, mood incongruence occurs when the individual’s reactions or emotional state appear to be in conflict with the situation.

What is mood-dependent behavior?

Mood-dependent behavior is when you act on a feeling or an urge without pausing to consider the consequences or whether the behavior is appropriate to the situation. Often, mood-dependent behaviors will feel automatic and like they happen too quickly for you to have a choice.

What is mood-dependent memory in psychology?

the finding that memory for an event can be recalled more readily when one is in the same emotional mood (e.g., happy or sad) as when the memory was initially formed. See also context-specific learning; state-dependent memory.

What are mood-congruent psychotic features?

Major depressive disorder with mood-congruent psychotic features means that the content of the hallucinations and delusions is consistent with typical depressive themes. These may include feelings of personal inadequacy, guilt, or worthlessness.

What is congruent effect?

The congruency effect is the observation that response times and errors are increased when the word and color are incongruent (e.g., the word “red” in green ink) relative to when they are congruent (e.g., “red” in red).

What is mood-congruent recall?

Mood congruent recall refers to the observation that people tend to remember more information that is consistent or congruent with their mood at the time that they were exposed to that information.

What is the difference between state-dependent memory and mood dependent memory?

While state-dependent memory may seem rather similar to context-dependent memory, context-dependent memory involves an individual’s external environment and conditions (such as the room used for study and to take the test) while state-dependent memory applies to the individual’s internal conditions (such as use of …

What is mood dependent memory in psychology?

What is an example of mood-dependent memory?

The majority of the time that I was studying for the exam, I was in a great mood. I was doing great in my classes, my relationships were intact, and I was healthy. This is an example of mood-dependent memory. If our mood changes when it is time to recall the information, it is harder to remember.

Which is an example of mood congruence in memory?

Another important difference is that there are multiple memories that can be recalled while in particular mood states that go across contexts and cues that may or may not recall only one specific memory. An example of this is demonstrated through a theory proposed by Gordon Bower called the associative network theory of feeling effects.

When does mood congruence occur in a depressive episode?

By contrast, mood incongruence occurs when the individual’s reactions or emotional state appear to be in conflict with the situation. In the context of psychosis, hallucinations and delusions may be considered mood congruent (such as feelings of personal inadequacy, guilt, or worthlessness during a bipolar disorder depressive episode)

Why does cognitive therapy focus on mood congruence?

Cognitive therapy pays special attention to mood congruence due to the use of mood repair strategies, which are meant to shift an individual from a negative mood to a positive one. Congruent mood—smiling while feeling happy.

How does affect infusion relate to mood congruency?

In other words, affect infusion takes a look at the motivation of people to act mood congruently (or not). The mood congruency effect occurs when people tend to focus on or remember events, situations, or other things based on how they are feeling at that time.

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