What is the main language of Iran?
Although Persian (Farsi) is the predominant and official language of Iran, a number of languages and dialects from three language families—Indo-European, Altaic, and Afro-Asiatic—are spoken. Roughly three-fourths of Iranians speak one of the Indo-European languages.
How many languages Iran speak?
View all notes The Ethnologue (2019)2 notes estimates that there are eighty-six Iranian languages; the most prominent of these are Persian, Pashto, Balochi and the Kurdish group. Many languages spoken in Iran today will become extinct in the near future.
Which is the second official language in Iran?
Many Iranians are also schooled in second languages like English and French. Younger Iranians are particularly likely to speak English, and older generations are likely to have some French abilities, as it was the second official language of Iran until the 1950s.
Are there any minority languages spoken in Iran?
In addition to the widely spoken languages of the country, Iran also has a number of minority languages. These minority tongues include Circassian, Hebrew, Armenian, Assyrian, and Georgian. Together, these languages are spoken by less than 1% of the total population of Iran.
What is the current language policy of Iran?
The current Language Policy of Iran is addressed in Chapter Two of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Articles 15 & 16). It asserts that the Persian language is the lingua franca of the Iranian nation and as such, required for the school system and for all official government communications.
What kind of language do Parsis in Iran speak?
In central Iran the influence of Modern Persian is everywhere strongly felt, and it is often difficult to distinguish between dialects of Modern Persian, Persian with dialectal traits, and closely related languages. In the cities of Yazd and Kermān the Parsis speak the old Gabrī dialect, whereas the Muslims speak Persian.