What was the Fretilin movement?

What was the Fretilin movement?

Fretilin began as a resistance movement that fought for the independence of East Timor, originally from Portugal in 1974 and later from Indonesia until 1998. After East Timor gained its independence in 2002, Fretilin became one of several parties competing for power in a multi-party system.

Does Indonesia Own East Timor?

The Indonesian occupation of East Timor began in December 1975 and lasted until October 1999. After a small-scale civil war, the pro-independence Fretilin declared victory in the capital city of Dili and declared an independent East Timor on 28 November 1975. …

How many East Timorese were killed?

During the initial years of the Indonesian invasion and occupation, more than 100,000 East Timorese died as a direct result of the conflict. Most of the dead were civilians killed by the military or starved to death in internment camps or while hiding in the hills from the Indonesian military.

Who owns East Timor?

East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal in 1975, but was invaded by Indonesia. The country was later incorporated as a province of Indonesia. During the subsequent two-decade occupation, a campaign of pacification ensued.

Where is East Timor?

East Timor, island country in the eastern Lesser Sunda Islands, at the southern extreme of the Malay Archipelago.

Is East Timor a poor country?

East Timor continues to be one of the world’s poorest countries, with GDP per capita standing at $3,949 (2011). It is ranked 147 out of 187 (2011) countries in the UN’s Human Development Index. As of 2015, Timor-Leste had a population of 1.17 million and an annual growth rate at 1.8%.

What race are East Timor?

The Timorese are a racially mixed people composed of Melanesian and Malay genetic elements. In addition, in common with other former Portuguese colonies where interracial marriage was common, there is also smaller population of people of mixed Timorese and Portuguese origin, known in Portuguese as Mestiço.

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