What is Aitken procrastination Inventory?
The Aitken Procrastination Inventory (Aitken, 1982) is a 19-item scale used to differentiate chronic procrastinators from non-procrastinators among college undergraduate students. High scores were associated with procrastination.
How do you measure procrastination levels?
The PPS is a self-report measure using a 5-point Likert scale (1–5), with higher scores indicating greater agreement. All items are consistent with procrastination, e.g., “In preparation for some deadlines, I often waste time by doing other things” (item 4).
How is Lay’s procrastination scale scored?
Information: The procrastination scale is a 20 item questionnaire. Items are scored on a 1-5 scale, with the total scale score calculated as a sum of the items. Some items will be reversed for example, a score of 1 will change to a score of 5.
What is irrational procrastination scale?
First is the Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS), which consists of nine items focusing on implemental attributes of procrastination with an emphasis on “irrational” delay, “irrational” referring to voluntary delay despite expecting it to be disadvantageous.
What is the pure procrastination scale?
To this end, the Pure Procrastination Scale (PPS; Steel, 2010) is a recently developed measure that intentionally measures the negative aspects of procrastination in each of its items. While an initial validation study indicated good reliability and construct validity, several questions remain.
What is pure procrastination scale?
How many levels of procrastination are there?
They say that there are four main types of avoidance archetypes, or procrastinators: the performer, the self-deprecator, the overbooker, and the novelty seeker. Figuring out which group you’re in can help you break out of your procrastination patterns — and maybe even turn in something early.
What is the general procrastination scale?
Lay’s General Procrastination Scale (GPS; Lay, 1986), is a 20-item scale that assesses global, trait-like tendencies towards procrastination across a variety of tasks (e.g., “In preparing for some deadlines, I often waste time by doing other things.”) Participants rated their agreement with each item on a 5-point …
What is general procrastination scale?
What kind of variable is procrastination?
Simple Linear Regression analysis was made to examine the prediction capacity of academic procrastination that is significantly related to dependent variable. According to this analysis, academic procrastination predicts academic achievement to a low extent.
What is the correlation between procrastination and Aitken?
In its pilot usage, the Adult Inventory of Procrastination was shown to have a coefficient x of 0.76, slightly less than the Aitken measure. The correlation with the Aitken measure was 0.72, suggesting the two measures tap a very similar construct.
How is procrastination related to a behavioral deficit?
Aitken (1982), in one of the handful of empirical studies on procrastination, suggests two other contributing factors to the skein of this behavior. She believes that procrastination is related to a behavioral deficit of failure to adequately estimate time needs for task completion.
How are AIP and GPS related to procrastination?
Ferrari (1992) suggested that GPS measures arousal procrastination (e.g. delaying tasks to seek thrills), while AIP measures avoidance procrastination (e.g. delaying to protect one’s self- esteem). DPQ is focused on measuring putting of decisions rather than tasks.
Are there any studies on the rise of procrastination?
Kachgal, Hansen and Nutter (2001), in their study involving self-reports of procrastination, believes that such self-reports are on the rise, which might be an indication that this phenomenon is indeed on the rise.