What is Barry Marshall famous for?
Barry Marshall, together with Robin Warren, discovered spiral bacteria in the stomachs of almost all patients with active chronic gastritis, or duodenal or gastric ulcers, and proposed that the bacteria were an important factor in the aetiology of these diseases.
What did Barry Marshall win the Nobel Prize for?
Prize motivation: “for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.”
Who discovered Helicobacter pylori cause ulcers?
Barry James Marshall—Discovery of Helicobacter pylori as a Cause of Peptic Ulcer. Barry James Marshall was born September 30, 1951, in Kalgoorlie, a mining town about 400 miles east of Perth, Western Australia.
What bacteria causes stomach ulcers?
Stomach ulcers are usually caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These can break down the stomach’s defence against the acid it produces to digest food, allowing the stomach lining to become damaged and an ulcer to form.
How do u get H pylori?
H. pylori bacteria may be passed from person to person through direct contact with saliva, vomit or fecal matter. H. pylori may also be spread through contaminated food or water.
What causes stomach ulcers?
Who found the cure for peptic ulcer?
Barry J. Marshall and Robin Warren, two Australian researchers who discovered the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and deciphered its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, have been awarded this year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Where was Barry J Marshall born and raised?
I was born in 1951 in Kalgoorlie, a prosperous mining town 370 miles east of Perth, Western Australia. Kalgoorlie was a gold rush town which sprang up in the desert after the Irishman Paddy Hannan struck gold there in 1892. At the time I was born my father was 19 years old and in the final year of his apprenticeship as a fitter and turner.
Where did Barry Marshall go to medical school?
I graduated from the University MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) in 1975 and thereafter performed internship and residencies in internal medicine at the Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre (Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital).
What kind of research does Barry Marshall do?
In addition to H. pylori research, the Marshall Centre is at the forefront of infectious disease identification and surveillance, diagnostics and drug design, and transformative discovery. Professor Marshall has several projects including studying the relationship H. pylori has with the immune system.
Why was Barry J Marshall awarded the Nobel Prize?
Affiliation at the time of the award: NHMRC Helicobacter pylori Research Laboratory, QEII Medical Centre, Nedlands, Australia, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia Prize motivation: “for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.”