What is the purpose of a abutment?
Abutments are used at the ends of bridges to retain the embankment and to carry the vertical and horizontal loads from the superstructure to the foundation, as illustrated in Figure 12.1-1.
What is abutment in civil engineering?
An abutment is the substructure at the ends of a bridge span or dam supporting its superstructure. Single-span bridges have abutments at each end which provide vertical and lateral support for the span, as well as acting as retaining walls to resist lateral movement of the earthen fill of the bridge approach.
What is an abutment on a house?
The abutment definition, as mentioned above, is a structure that works to support another structure and is mostly used in bridges, arches, or spans. The purpose of an abutment is to take all the weight from the structure it supports and transfer it into the ground.
How do you use abutment in a sentence?
Abutment in a Sentence 🔉
- The construction team built a bridge abutmant to support the newest interstate overpass.
- Abutment movement made it necessary for the support beams to be replaced with new ones.
- At each end of the dam, a supporting abutment was chiseled into the side of the rock.
What does the term abutment mean in architecture?
The term may also refer to the structure supporting one side of an arch, or masonry used to resist the lateral forces of a vault. The impost or abacus of a column in classical architecture may also serve as an abutment to an arch.
What is the purpose of an abutment on a bridge?
Abutment. In engineering, abutment refers to the substructure at the ends of a bridge span or dam whereon the structure’s superstructure rests or contacts. Single-span bridges have abutments at each end which provide vertical and lateral support for the bridge, as well as acting as retaining walls to resist lateral movement…
What’s the difference between an abutment and a support?
2. abutment – a masonry support that touches and directly receives thrust or pressure of an arch or bridge. support – supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation; “the statue stood on a marble support”.
What does it mean to have an abutment in a dam?
Dam abutments are generally either side of a valley or gorge but may be artificial in order to support arch dams such as Kurobe Dam in Japan. The term may also refer to the structure supporting one side of an arch, or masonry used to resist the lateral forces of a vault.