What was the Government of India Act 1935 based on?
The Government of Indian Act was passed by the British parliament in 1935 and came into effect in 1937. It was based on a report by a Joint Select Committee, led by Lord Linlithgow, set up the two houses of the British parliament.
WHO said about the Government of India Act 1935 after all we framed the Constitution of 1935 because we thought it the best way to hold India to the Empire?
The significance of Government of India Act, 1935 can be best summed up in the words of the then Viceroy Lord Linlithgow himself: ” After all we framed the constitution….of 1935 because we thought it the best way… to hold India to the Empire.”
What was the purpose of Simon Commission?
Complete answer: The British government set up a commission to enquire into the government of India act of 1919. The aim of the commission was to enquire into the working of the act and to suggest further reforms in the system of administration. The commission was therefore named after Sir John Simon who headed it.
What is Article 368 of the Indian Constitution?
Part-xx Article 368 (1) of the Constitution of India grants constituent power to make formal amendments and empowers Parliament to amend the Constitution by way of addition, variation or repeal of any provision according to the procedure laid down therein, which is different from the procedure for ordinary legislation.
Who was the head of Simon Commission?
Sir John Allsebrook Simon
The Indian Statutory Commission, commonly referred to as the Simon Commission after its chairman Sir John Allsebrook Simon, was sent to India in 1928 (February – March and October 1928 – April 1929) to study potential constitutional reform.
What was the main problem of Simon Commission?
Answer: Simon commission could not set up constitution in India because there was no Indian citizen in the commission. Answer: The main problem of the Simon Commission was that it did not have any Indian representative on the board.
Why was the Pitt’s India Act passed?
The East India Company Act (EIC Act 1784), also known as Pitt’s India Act, was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain intended to address the shortcomings of the Regulating Act of 1773 by bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government.
What did the Government of India Act 1935 do?
1. The Government of India Act 1935 proposed a federation for the first time. 2. It abolished diarchy at the central level. 3. There was a division of power into two lists – Federal and Provincial. 4. Representatives from the Princely states to the legislature were elected. 6.
Which is bicameral legislatures were introduced in India?
Bicameral legislatures were introduced in some provinces also like Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Bihar, Assam and the United Provinces. A federal court was established at Delhi for the resolution of disputes between provinces and also between the centre and the provinces.
How are the representatives of British India elected?
The representatives of British India were to be elected. Some were to be nominated by the Governor-General. Bicameral legislatures were introduced in some provinces also like Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Bihar, Assam and the United Provinces.
Why was a federal court established at Delhi?
A federal court was established at Delhi for the resolution of disputes between provinces and also between the centre and the provinces. It was to have 1 Chief Justice and not more than 6 judges. The Indian Council was abolished. The Secretary of State for India would instead have a team of advisors.