Which drugs are cytotoxic?
Cytotoxic drugs (sometimes known as antineoplastics) describe a group of medicines that contain chemicals which are toxic to cells, preventing their replication or growth, and so are used to treat cancer. They can also be used to treat a number of other disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
Is Methotrexate a cytotoxic medication?
Methotrexate is a cytotoxic agent with the potential to cause severe haematological toxicity, and treatment with this agent requires close supervision.
What are cytotoxic and cytostatic medicines?
Cytotoxic and cytostatic waste includes medicines in tablet, liquid, cream or aerosol form. Cytotoxic and cytostatic medicines are medicines that are either: toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction. They include: most hormonal preparations.
What does cytotoxic effect mean?
Cytotoxic refers to a substance or process which results in cell damage or cell death. The prefix “cyto” refers to cell and “toxic” to poison. The term is often used to describe chemotherapy drugs that kill cancer cells, but it may also be used to describe toxins, such as venom.
Are all chemo drugs cytotoxic?
Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer (cytotoxic) drugs to destroy cancer cells. Cytotoxic means toxic to cells. Cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs disrupt the way cancer cells grow and divide. Most chemotherapy drugs are carried in the blood.
What are the cytotoxic drugs used in skin diseases?
Immunosuppressive and Cytotoxic Drugs in the Treatment of Rheumatic Skin Disorders. Methotrexate, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofefil, cyclosporin cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, and other related drugs have potential benefits in the treatment of severe and/or recalcitrant rheumatic skin diseases. The therapeutic window for these agents is narrow.
Is methotrexate a cytotoxic drug?
Methotrexate is a cytotoxic, or cell-killing, agent approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat various cancers, adults with severe psoriasis and severe rheumatoid arthritis. It may be used as a treatment option for sarcoidosis , an inflammatory disease in which clumps of immune cells called granulomas…
Is there complete list of anticholinergic medications?
Antispasmodic medications belladonna chloridiazepoxide ( Librium) dicyclomine ( Bentyl) hyoscyamine ( Levsin) (This drug is no longer available in the U.S.)
How do cytotoxic drugs treat rheumatic diseases?
While cytotoxic drugs are used in cancer chemotherapy to shrink and kill tumors, their role in treating rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus is different. For this purpose, they work by slowing cell reproduction and decreasing byproducts produced by the cells that cause inflammation.