Does hereditary spastic paraplegia affect the brain?
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a group of hereditary, degenerative, neurological disorders that primarily affect the upper motor neurons. Upper motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord deliver signals to the lower motor neurons, which in turn, carry messages to the muscles.
Is Hereditary spastic paraplegia a developmental disability?
Related Disorders AP-4-associated hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a group of slowly-progressing neurodegenerative disorders that generally present with global developmental delay, moderate to severe intellectual disability, impaired/absent speech, microcephaly, seizures, and progressive motor symptoms.
Is HSP a disability?
The prognosis for individuals with HSP varies Some individuals are very disabled and others have only mild disability. The majority of individuals with uncomplicated HSP have a normal life expectancy. The prognosis for individuals with HSP varies Some individuals are very disabled and others have only mild disability.
What does hereditary spastic paraplegia feel like?
The main symptoms of pure hereditary spastic paraplegia are: a gradual weakness in the legs. increased muscle tone and stiffness (spasticity) problems peeing – such as an urgent need to pee, even when the bladder is not full.
What is the treatment for spastic paraplegia?
Treatment is exclusively symptomatic and aimed mainly at reducing muscle spasticity and urinary urgency, and improving strength and gait. Therapeutic options include physical therapy, oral antispastic drugs (baclofen, progabide, dalfampridine), botulinum toxin therapy, and surgical baclofen pump implantation.
Is HSP a lifelong disease?
Most children have no long-term effects from HSP. Some children continue to have haematuria (blood in their urine) – this usually cannot be seen but is picked up on a urine test.
Is Hereditary spastic paraplegia curable?
Approach Considerations. Currently, no specific treatment exists to prevent, retard, or reverse progressive disability in patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). Nonetheless, treatment approaches used for chronic paraplegia from other causes are useful.
Is Hereditary spastic paraplegia a neurological disorder?
The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are a large group of inherited neurologic disorders that share the primary symptom of difficulty walking due to muscle weakness and muscle tightness (spasticity) in the legs. There are more than 80 different genetic types of HSP.
What is hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP)?
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), also known as familial spastic paraparesis, is a term used for a group of inherited diseases that affect the upper motor neurons traveling from the brain through the spinal cord, to synapse with lower motor neurons that innervate muscles.
What is hereditary spastic ataxia?
Hereditary ataxia can usually be traced to a family history, and can be linked to twenty-two gene mutations. These mutations are labeled “spinocerebellar ataxia type 1” through 22 — in shorthand referred to simply as SCA1-22. Sporadic ataxia is a form that is not linked to a genetic defect.
What is the abbreviation for spastic paraplegia?
How is Spastic Paraplegia abbreviated? SPG stands for Spastic Paraplegia. SPG is defined as Spastic Paraplegia frequently.
What is spastic paraparesis?
Spastic paraparesis: A rare disorder where parts of the body develop spasticity and weakness. Usually the limbs are involved. The disorder is usually an inherited condition.