What are the approaches of industrial relations?
The three popular approaches to industrial relations are the unitary approach, Pluralistic approach, and Marxist approach. These approaches to industrial relations at a primary level are analytical categorizations and not theories having predictive values.
What are the five approaches to the study of industrial relations theory?
Based on these orientations, several approaches have been developed to explain the dynamics of IR. These approaches are unitary approach, systems approach, pluralistic approach, Marxist approach, and strategic management approach. Understanding of these approaches is helpful in devising effective IR strategy.
What are the main features of industrial relations?
The salient characteristics of industrial relations are discussed herein below:
- Parties in the Industrial Relations Activities:
- Interactive Process:
- Two-Way Communication:
- HRM Practices:
- Approaches to IRs:
- State Intervention:
- Role of Trade Union:
- Organizational Climate:
How many parties are there in the scheme of industrial relations?
Industrial relations are outcomes of employment relationships in an industrial enterprise. These relations cannot exist without the two parties namely employers and employees. 2. Industrial relations system creates rules and regulations to maintain harmonious relations.
What are the objectives and approaches of industrial relations?
The primary objective of industrial relations is to maintain and develop good and healthy relations between employees and employers or operatives and management. The same is sub- divided into other objectives. Thus, the objectives of IR are designed to: 1.
What are the approaches to IR?
Traditionally there have been two central theories of IR: liberalism and realism. Although they have come under great challenge from other theories, they remain central to the discipline. At its height, liberalism in IR was referred to as a ‘utopian’ theory and is still recognised as such to some degree today.
What is the importance of industrial relations?
The most important benefit of industrial relations is that it ensures uninterrupted production. Reduced industrial dispute, industrial unrest, strike, lock outs can be avoided through good industrial relation. This ensures smooth running of the organization and continuous production.
What are the three parties in industrial relations?
The major parties to IR are the employees, employee representatives, employers, associations of employers, government and courts and tribunals. The major parties to IR are the employees, employee representatives, employers, associations of employers, government and courts and tribunals.
Which is the best approach to industrial relations?
1. Approaches to Industrial Relations 2. • Psychological Approach • Sociological Approach • Human Relations Approach • Gandhian Approach • Human Resource Management Approach • The Action Theory Approach 3.
How does the Marxist view of Industrial Relations?
• The Marxist approach views the power relationship between the two classes, namely, the employer (capital) and the employee (labour), as the crux of the industrial relations. • However, the weakness of this theory is that it is narrow in approach as it views industrial relations as a product or outcome of the industrial conflict.
What do you mean by industrial relation in management?
4. The term “industrial relations” commonly denotes “ employee-employer relations” Industrial Relation is that part of management which is concerned with the manpower of the enterprise – whether machine operator, skilled worker or manager. The Industrial Relation relations also called as labor – management, employee-employers relations.
Who are the main parties in industrial relations?
The main parties are employers and their associations, employees and their unions and the government. These three parties interact within economic and social environment to shape the Industrial relations structure. Industrial relations are a dynamic and developing concept, not a static one.