What is a pleiotropy example?

What is a pleiotropy example?

For example: A human genetic disorder called Marfan syndrome is caused by a mutation in one gene, yet it affects many aspects of growth and development, including height, vision, and heart function. This is an example of pleiotropy, or one gene affecting multiple characteristics.

What is pleiotropy and include example?

When one single gene starts affecting multiple traits of living organisms, this phenomenon is known as pleiotropy. A mutation in a gene can result in pleiotropy. One example of pleiotropy is Marfan syndrome, a human genetic disorder affecting the connective tissues.

What are polygenic inheritance and pleiotropy give examples?

The ability of a gene to influence more than one trait is called pleiotropy whereas in polygenic inheritance the inheritance is influenced by a number of independent genes, each having a small and similar effect. The effect of several genes is additive. Pleiotropy. Phylogenetic Inheritance.

What is an example of a polygenic?

A polygenic trait is a characteristic, sometimes we call them phenotypes, that are affected by many, many different genes. A classic example of this would be height. Height in humans is very strongly genetically controlled, but there are many, many different genes that control height.

What does Phenocopy mean?

Listen to pronunciation. (FEE-noh-KAH-pee) A phenotypic trait or disease that resembles the trait expressed by a particular genotype, but in an individual who is not a carrier of that genotype.

What is the most common example of pleiotropy in humans?

One of the most widely cited examples of pleiotropy in humans is phenylketonuria (PKU). This disorder is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which is necessary to convert the essential amino acid phenylalanine to tyrosine.

What is meant by pleiotropy?

: the phenomenon of a single gene influencing two or more distinct phenotypic traits : the quality or state of being pleiotropic In genetics, there’s a concept called pleiotropy, which posits that a single gene can influence multiple traits. [

What is phenocopy with example?

For example, breast cancer in a hereditary breast/ovarian cancer syndrome family member who does not carry the family’s BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation would be considered a phenocopy.

What is the meaning of pleiotropy?

What is the most common example of pleiotropy in human?

What are examples of pleiotropy and polygenic inheritance?

Both pleiotropy and polygenic inheritance occur in all living organisms. Albinism, phenylketonuria, autism, schizophrenia, sickle cell anemia, and Marfan syndrome are examples of pleiotropy.

Which is an example of pleiotropy in red blood cells?

Pleiotropy Examples An example of pleiotropy that occurs in humans is sickle cell disease. Sickle cell disorder results from the development of abnormally shaped red blood cells. Normal red blood cells have a biconcave, disc-like shape and contain enormous amounts of a protein called hemoglobin.

Can a pleiotropic gene affect more than one trait?

It is often difficult to detect which traits may be the result of pleitoropy unless a mutation occurs in a gene. Because pleiotropic genes control multiple traits, a mutation in a pleiotropic gene will impact more than one trait. Typically, traits are determined by two alleles (variant form of a gene).

Which is an example of antagonistic pleiotropy?

Other biological changes include higher food consumption, infertility, and sexual maturation delays. Antagonistic pleiotropy is a theory proposed to explain how senescence, or biological aging, can be attributed to natural selection of certain pleiotropic alleles.

Back To Top