# How do you conduct exploratory factor analysis?

## How do you conduct exploratory factor analysis?

Exploratory factor analysis has three basic decision points: (1) decide the number of factors, (2) choosing an extraction method, (3) choosing a rotation method.

### What is exploratory factor analysis with example?

Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) seeks to uncover the underlying structure of a relatively large set of variables. The researcher has a priori assumption that any indicator may be associated with any factor. This is the most common form of factor analysis.

What is EFA test in SPSS?

Factor analysis is a statistical technique for identifying which underlying factors are measured by a (much larger) number of observed variables. For measuring these, we often try to write multiple questions that -at least partially- reflect such factors. The basic idea is illustrated below.

What is the use of exploratory factor analysis?

In multivariate statistics, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is a statistical method used to uncover the underlying structure of a relatively large set of variables. EFA is a technique within factor analysis whose overarching goal is to identify the underlying relationships between measured variables.

## How do I use EFA in SPSS?

Steps of running PCA and EFA in SPSS

1. From the menu, click on Analyze -> Dimension Reduction -> Factor…
2. In the appearance window, move all variables to Variables… -> Continue.

### How do you do KMO and Bartlett’s test in SPSS?

In SPSS: Run Factor Analysis (Analyze>Dimension Reduction>Factor) and check the box for”KMO and Bartlett’s test of sphericity.” If you want the MSA (measure of sampling adequacy) for individual variables, check the “anti-image” box. An anti-image box will show with the MSAs listed in the diagonals.

What are the assumptions of factor analysis?

The basic assumption of factor analysis is that for a collection of observed variables there are a set of underlying variables called factors (smaller than the observed variables), that can explain the interrelationships among those variables.

What are the types of factor analysis?

Types of Factor Analysis Principal component analysis. It is the most common method which the researchers use. Common Factor Analysis. It’s the second most favoured technique by researchers. Image Factoring. Maximum likelihood method. Other methods of factor analysis.

## What is principal axis factor analysis?

Common factor analysis, also called principal factor analysis (PFA) or principal axis factoring (PAF), seeks the least number of factors which can account for the common variance (correlation) of a set of variables.