Is there a vaccination for equine herpes?
There is no vaccine registered to prevent EHV-1 neurological disease. Vaccination is especially recommended for horses under the age of five as they may be particularly susceptible to respiratory disease caused by EHV-1. Vaccination can also help reduce the amount of virus shed by an infected horse.
Should I vaccinate my horse for botulism?
Vaccination against botulism is currently not a core vaccine in horses. Vaccination is a risk-based decision for horses at increased risk of developing botulism due to residence in (or travel to) endemic regions, including (Kentucky and the Mid-Atlantic states).
When should a pregnant mare be vaccinated with equine herpes virus 1?
Pregnant mares should be vaccinated against Equine Herpes Virus (EHV or Rhinopneumonitis virus) at 5, 7 and 9 months of gestation, with many veterinarians recommending vaccinating at 3 months of gestation as well. EHV is a common cause of respiratory tract infections in young horses.
What do you give a horse with botulism?
Give 8 oz of grain in a pan, and a normal horse should be able to eat it in less than 2 minutes. If they take longer, that may be a sign of botulism, especially if they have other signs of weakness or recumbency.
Is equine herpes contagious to humans?
EHV-1 is not transmissible to humans. How is the virus shed from an infected horse? Horses infected with EHV-1 shed the virus in their nasal secretions. Respiratory shedding of the virus generally occurs for 7-10 days, but may persist longer in infected horses.
How is equine herpes spread?
EHV-1 is contagious and spread by direct horse-to-horse contact via the respiratory tract through nasal secretions. It is important to know that this virus can also be spread indirectly through contact with physical objects that are contaminated with the virus: Human contaminated hands or clothing.
Can horses recover from botulism?
Adult horses and foals that recover from botulism appear to recover fully, with no residual nervous system deficits or muscle weakness.
How often should a horse be vaccinated for botulism?
The vaccine protects against the type B botulism toxin, the most common toxin associated with hay and soil. The horse will need three initial vaccines (the first vaccine and two boosters) to become completely protected, but only needs to be vaccinated yearly thereafter.
Can horses recover from equine herpes?
Can my horse die of herpes? Most horses recover from the respiratory signs although they will remain latently infected (showing no signs). Neurological cases often require euthanasia on welfare grounds.
Can a horse recover from botulism?
Can horses get botulism from hay?
Figure 1: Horses eating from round-baled hay are more susceptible to developing botulism, especially if the hay was not baled appropriately or if a dead animal was baled together with the hay. Botulism is a deadly disease caused by the toxins produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
What is the incubation period for equine herpes?
The virus incubation period is highly variable and can be as long as 14 days. Prognosis is good for horses not affected with the neurologic form and varies for those with neurologic signs.