What are blue bloaters and pink puffers?
The” blue bloaters” represent those who have chronic bronchitis and the “pink puffers” represent patients with emphysema. Hasudungan describes both diseases and how they affect the lungs of patients.
Why is emphysema called pink puffer?
Emphysema comes on very gradually and is irreversible. People with emphysema are sometimes called “pink puffers” because they have difficulty catching their breath and their faces redden while gasping for air.
Why pink puffers are thin?
Due to this poor CO, the rest of the body suffers from tissue hypoxia. Cachexia: At the pulmonary level, the low CO leads to pulmonary cachexia; which induces weight loss and muscle wasting. This gives these patients the characteristic “pink-puffer” appearance.
Why do Blue bloaters have edema?
Bronchial tubes carry air into and out of the lungs. Mucus forms when the airways are irritated and inflamed, this mucus makes it harder to breath. The body does not take in enough oxygen, resulting in cyanosis. This causes an increased strain on the heart, eventually leading to right sided heart failure and edema.
Why do pink puffers hyperventilate?
Emphysema patients are sometimes referred to as “pink puffers”. This is because emphysema sufferers may hyperventilate to maintain adequate blood oxygen levels….Emphysema.
Why do pink puffers purse their lips?
Pursed-lip breathing is believed to increase positive pressure generated within the airways and to buttress or stent the small bronchioles, thereby preventing premature airway collapse.
What does COPD type B mean?
Type B patients may have pathologic evidence of severe emphysema, as well as inflammation of large and small airways and possible defects in ventilatory control. These patients usually meet the criteria for chronic bronchitis.
What is a lung bullectomy?
Bullectomy is the surgical removal of a bulla, which is a dilated air space in the lung parenchyma measuring more than 1 cm. A bulla that occupies more than 30% of the hemithorax is referred to as a giant bulla. The most common cause of a lung bulla is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.