What is the climate of the Cross Timbers?
Ecoregion 5 – The Cross Timbers and Prairies Rainfall is highly variable in this region, averaging about 25 inches in the western reaches to 35 inches in the east. Temperatures average about 67 degrees. Grassland species such as little bluestem, Indiangrass and big bluestem are common.
What is the climate in Edwards Plateau?
The average annual temperature varies from 57 to 70 ˚F with summer temperature reaching around 100 ˚F. According to the Thornwaite (1931) climate classification, the Edwards Plateau is a meso-thermal, semiarid to arid climate. The vegetation classification is a forest/steppe to steppe region (Budyko, 1974).
What are the major cities in Cross Timbers?
This region contains the cities of Fort Worth, Granbury and Denton, although Denton lies on the border with the Eastern Cross Timbers.
What plants live in the Cross Timbers?
Forest canopy vegetation is dominated by post oak and blackjack oak (Quercus marilandica Muenchh.) and subdominant species include black hickory (Carya texana Buckl.) and black oak (Q. velutina Lam.)
What animals live in the Blackland prairie?
Animals like the plains bison, the red and gray wolf, black and grizzly bears, passenger pigeon, ivory-billed woodpecker, and pronghorn antelope are either extinct, federally threatened /endangered, or have been extirpated from North Central Texas. These are all animals that require large expanses of habitat.
What makes Edwards Plateau unique?
The Edward’s Plateau has some sinkholes and in the limestone areas there is an extensive cavern system and caves. The area has a variety of landscapes, the Texas Hill Country, arid deserts, and semiarid deserts.
What animals are in the Cross Timbers?
Much of the land in this region is also used for livestock ranching for cattle, sheep, and goats. Habitat for white-tailed deer, Rio Grande turkey, bobwhite quail, mourning doves, fox squirrels, rabbits and a variety of nongame wildlife species is found here.
What region is home to Cross Timbers?
Even at the time of Irving’s visit to the southern plains in 1832, this seemingly impenetrable forest was known as the “Cross Timber,” or, more appropriately, as the “Cross Timbers,” for it’s comprised not of a singular, continuous band of trees, but rather a mosaic of forests interspersed with prairies, stretching …
Where are the Cross Timbers in North Texas?
Fort Worth Prairie – In Northcentral Texas, the Fort Worth Prairie vegetative sub-region is located between the East and West Cross Timbers sub-regions, extending from western Cooke and eastern Montague counties on the north, southward to northern Edwards Plateau and includes portions of Denton, Wise,…
When did the Cross Timbers and prairies change?
Vegetation on the landscape of the Cross Timbers and Prairies Ecological Region of Northcentral Texas has undergone significant changes over the past 150 years.
What are the four regions of the Cross Timbers?
It can be further subdivided into four ecological or vegetative sub-regions: East Cross Timbers, Fort Worth Prairie, Lampasas Cut Plain, and West Cross Timbers. This broad vegetative region also extends northward into Oklahoma and southern Kansas.
Where did the West Cross Timbers come from?
Some exposed surface formations in the western part of the West Cross Timbers date from the 300-million-year-old Pennsylvanian Period. Soils of the East and West Cross Timbers were developed on sandy Cretaceous Woodbine and Trinity strata.