What type of meningitis do college students get?
College campuses have reported outbreaks of serogroup B meningococcal disease in recent years. CDC recommends the use of a serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine for people at increased risk during these outbreaks.
Can you go to college without meningitis vaccine?
HB 1557 would amend statute to require all incoming college students to receive meningitis vaccinations before arriving to campus. Current statute only requires the vaccination for those students living in campus student housing. House Higher Education Committee, 3/3/11.
What states require meningitis vaccine for college students?
SCHOOLS CURRENTLY REQUIRING MENB VACCINATION
- California. California Polytechnic State University.
- Delaware. Delaware State University.
- Florida. Florida Agricultural And Mechanical University.
- Georgia. Morehouse College.
- Iowa. Grinnell College.
- Idaho. The College of Idaho.
- Indiana. Ball State University.
- Michigan. Aquinas College.
What percentage of college students get meningitis?
These cases represent approximately 3% of the total cases of meningococcal disease that occur each year in the United States. Eighty-seven (97%) cases occurred in undergraduate students, and 40 (44%) occurred among the 2.27 million freshman students entering college each year (16).
What causes meningitis in college students?
Meningococcal disease is bacterial and causes bloodstream infections and meningitis. College students, especially those living in residence halls, are prone to contracting the disease because of their close proximity to each other.
Why are college students at high risk for meningitis?
Essentially, meningitis is more common in college students because of the nature of the setting. The young adults can’t escape large groups of people with constant close contact and proximity. Meningitis infection requires shared respiratory and throat secretions.
How long does a meningitis shot last?
This vaccine lasts for around five years, after which you will need a booster shot to keep up your immunity. It is also recommended that young adults receive the MenB vaccine before attending college or other settings in which they will live in close quarters with other people.
When did meningitis vaccine become mandatory for college?
This requirement went into effect in the summer of 2000, and all universities and colleges were required to comply by the fall of that year. The law consists of 6 components (see Table 1). Colleges and universities were not required to provide or pay for meningococcal vaccination for their students.
What is the difference between meningitis and meningitis B?
Meningitis B is one type of meningococcal disease (frequently referred to as meningitis) caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. Meningitis can attack the brain and spinal cord and cause swelling in those areas as well as a serious infection of the bloodstream, called septicemia.
Why do uni students get meningitis?
Why teenagers and students should have the MenACWY vaccine Older teenagers and new university students are at higher risk of infection because many of them mix closely with lots of new people, some of whom may unknowingly carry the meningococcal bacteria at the back of their nose and throat.