Where is the Xanten archaeological park in Germany?
Xanten ( German pronunciation: [ˈksantən], Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the district of Wesel . Xanten is known for the Archaeological Park, one of the largest archaeological open air museums in the world, built at the site of the Roman settlements Colonia Ulpia Traiana.
When did Xanten become part of the Catholic Church?
In the 17th century Xanten was (along with Cleves) inherited by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Protestantism was placed on an equal footing with the Roman Catholic Church, as confirmed by the Treaty of Xanten on 12 November 1614.
When was the colonia of Xanten almost destroyed?
In 275 the colonia was almost destroyed by Germanic tribes. Subsequently, in 310 in the area of the colonia a new town was established, named Tricensimae (“of the Thirtieth”), which was built on the nine central insula of the former colonia but fortified and more easily defended.
Where was the Roman settlement of Xanten located?
At the same time, the ruins of the Colonia Ulpia Traiana, which had been used as a quarry since the Roman settlement was given up, aroused the interest of archaeologists. Xanten was administered within the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822 to 1945.
The indoor museum contains many fascinating artifacts and presentations on the history of Rome, the Romans and their way of life. The Xanten Archaeological Park is located near the town of Xanten, in the German Rhineland .
How is the new museum in Xanten different from the old museum?
The new museum in Xanten has avoided the trap, maybe because the old museum was sometimes pretty dark. The new museum, on the other hand, is light and spacious; no feelings of claustrophobia here. I have the impression that this return to normalcy is part of a trend, because I noticed the same in the new museum in Tongeren.
Why was Xanten abandoned in the 5th century?
During the long and terrible decline of the Western Roman Empire , the town was frequently attacked by German tribes and was eventually abandoned in the 5 th century AD. The area was later settled by Frankish tribes who do not appear to have used the abandoned urban settlement.
What was the name of the Roman fort in Xanten?
This military fort was granted the status of a colony in about 100 AD by Emperor Trajan who named it Colonia Ulpia Traiana . It grew rapidly and became a major trading and commercial center. During the Crisis of the Third Century, the town was destroyed by invading tribes but was once more rebuilt and thereafter known as the Tricensimae.