Why use the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale?

Why use the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale?

The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) for assessing the quality of nonrandomised studies in meta-analyses. It was developed to assess the quality of nonrandomised studies with its design, content and ease of use directed to the task of incorporating the quality assessments in the interpretation of meta-analytic results.

What is Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale?

In statistics, the Newcastle–Ottawa scale is a tool used for assessing the quality of non-randomized studies included in a systematic review and/or meta-analyses. The scale was then tested on systematic reviews and further refined. Separate tools were developed for cohort and case–control studies.

Does the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale assess bias?

One of the most important aspects of systematic reviews is the assessment of the risk of bias of included studies [1]. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) is a risk of bias assessment tool for observational studies that is recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration [1, 2].

What does independent blind assessment mean?

a) Independent or blind assessment stated, or confirmation of the. outcome by reference to secure records (e.g. imaging, structured. injury data, etc.

How is the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale scored?

The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale quality instrument is scored by awarding a point for each answer that is marked with an asterisk below. Possible total points are 4 points for Selection, 2 points for Comparability, and 3 points for Outcomes.

How does the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale work?

Newcastle-Ottawa Scale contains 8 items within 3 domain and the total maximum score is 9. A study with score from 7-9, has high quality, 4-6, high risk, and 0-3 very high risk of bias.

What is a risk of bias assessment?

Risk of bias assessment (sometimes called “quality assessment” or “critical appraisal”) helps to establish transparency of evidence synthesis results and findings. A risk of bias assessment is often performed for each included study in your review. Evidence syntheses strive to eliminate bias in their findings.

What is ascertainment of exposure?

Ascertainment bias can happen when there is more intense surveillance or screening for outcomes among exposed individuals than among unexposed individuals, or differential recording of outcomes. Ascertainment bias can occur in screening, where take-up can be influenced by factors such as cultural differences.

How do you avoid admission rate bias?

In a study using data from hospitalised cases it might be preferable to use matching controls which are also in hospital, but using controls from the general population is better, to avoid Berkson’s bias.

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