# How do you calculate the expected loss of a loan?

## How do you calculate the expected loss of a loan?

Expected loss is a cost of doing business. As a formula, we calculate expected loss as follows: Expected Loss (EL) = Probability of Default (PD) x Loss Given Default (LGD) x Exposure at Default (EAD) EL equals multiplying the chance of default by what is lost in the case of default and the exposure at the default.

Which risk is covered under operational risk?

Operational risk has been defined by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision1 as the risk of loss resulting from inadequate or failed internal processes, people and systems or from external events. This definition includes legal risk, but excludes strategic and reputational risk.

### What is expected loss ratio?

The expected loss ratio is the ratio of ultimate losses to earned premiums. The ultimate losses can be calculated as the earned premium multiplied by the expected loss ratio. For example, an insurer has earned premiums of \$10,000,000 and an expected loss ratio of 0.60.

What is the impact of operational risk?

In general, companies with higher levels of operational risk could potentially incur high levels of operating losses. Because higher operational risk has the potential of creating losses, regulators have been forcing the banking industry to improve the way they manage their operations.

## How are operational risk events trigger huge losses?

Operational risk events can trigger huge losses. Banks can use new techniques to anticipate and fix problems. Banks have struggled to control operational risk, which is the risk of loss due to errors, breaches, interruption or damages. Major banks have suffered nearly \$210 billion in operational risk losses since 2011.

How are banks required to calculate operational loss exposure?

In this calculation, banks are required to consider past internal losses, past losses of other banks, scenario analysis, and business, environment, and control factors (BEICF). Outside of these data requirements the rule does not explicitly define how banks should calculate operational loss exposure.

### How to calculate the expected loss on a loan?

Therefore, the expected loss can be calculated using the above formula as, Therefore, the expected loss for this exposure is \$450,000. Let us assume that ABC Bank Ltd has lent a loan of \$2,500,000 to a company that is into the real estate business.

How much money has been lost by banks due to operational risk?

In recent years, banks around the world have been caught up in headline-generating scandals triggered by failures to contain operational risk. From 2011 to 2016, major banks suffered nearly \$210 billion in losses from operational risk (see Figure 1). 