What does it mean when they say government shutdown?
A government shutdown occurs when Congress fails to fund the government. During a government shutdown, the government stops all “non-essential” services, while essential services, such as the armed forces, border protection, air traffic controllers, and police and fire departments, will continue to operate.
How does a government shutdown work?
Government shutdowns in the United States occur when there is a failure to pass funding legislation to finance the government for its next fiscal year or a temporary funding measure. Shutdowns can also occur within and disrupt state, territorial, and local levels of government.
What does it mean when the government is shut down?
Updated May 2, 2019. A government shutdown happens when nonessential government offices can no longer remain open due to lack of funding. The lack of funding usually occurs when there is a delay in the approval of the federal budget for the upcoming fiscal year.
What was the effect of the 1995 government shutdown?
While government shutdowns prior to the 1995–1996 shutdowns had very mild effects, a full federal government shutdown causes a large number of civilian federal employees to be furloughed. During a government shutdown, furloughed government employees are prohibited from even checking their e-mail from home.
How many government shutdowns have there been in US?
Since the enactment of the US government’s current budget and appropriations process in 1976, there have been a total of 22 funding gaps in the federal budget, ten of which have led to federal employees being furloughed.
When did the second government shutdown take place?
The second shutdown occurred on the afternoon of 4 October 1984, with 500,000 federal employees placed on furlough during this period, after Reagan mounted opposition towards the inclusion of a water projects package and a civil rights measure within the proposed appropriations bill that day.