What did Viking 1 discover?
While it found no traces of life, Viking 1 did help better characterize Mars as a cold planet with volcanic soil, a thin, dry carbon dioxide atmosphere and strking evidence for ancient river beds and vast flooding.
What did Viking 2 discover?
About the mission While neither spacecraft found traces of life, they did find all the elements essential to life on Earth: carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and phosphorus.
What did the Viking experiments found?
They took the first high-resolution images of the planet, surveyed the planet’s geographical features, and analyzed the geological composition of the atmosphere and surface. Perhaps most intriguingly, they also performed experiments that searched for signs of microbial life in Martian soil.
What did the Viking 1 and 2 discover?
NASA’s Viking Project found a place in history when it became the first U.S. mission to land a spacecraft safely on the surface of Mars and return images of the surface. Two identical spacecraft, each consisting of a lander and an orbiter, were built.
How long did Viking 2 last?
The Viking 2 orbiter mission ended July 25, 1978, while the Viking 1 orbiter lasted until August 7, 1980. The Viking 2 lander operated until April 11, 1980, and the Viking 1 lander lasted two more years, ending on November 11, 1982.
What was the purpose of Viking 1 and 2?
The Viking program consisted of a pair of identical American space probes, Viking 1 and Viking 2, which landed on Mars in 1976. Each spacecraft was composed of two main parts: an orbiter designed to photograph the surface of Mars from orbit, and a lander designed to study the planet from the surface.
How long did it take for Viking 1 to get to Mars?
Viking 1 was the first of two spacecraft, along with Viking 2, each consisting of an orbiter and a lander, sent to Mars as part of NASA’s Viking program….Viking 1.
|Mission duration||Orbiter: 1846 days (1797 sols) Lander: 2306 days (2245 sols) Launch to last contact: 2642 days|
How much did Viking 1 cost?
1 billion USD (1970)